James M. Byrne, Ph.D.

Countries Expertise: United States

James M. Byrne, Ph.D.

Director, The Global Community Corrections Initiative

Professor Byrne (Ph.D., Rutgers University, 1983) has over 30 years’ experience in the field of criminal justice and criminology. He is the author of books, monographs, journal articles, and research studies on a range of corrections and sentencing subjects, including global trends in the use of prisons and alternative sentencing strategies, evidence-based sentencing and corrections, offender change, prison violence, offender re-entry, risk classification, the link between prison culture and community culture, the effectiveness of crime control technology, and the community context of crime.

Professor Byrne has conducted a wide range of evaluations of justice initiatives, including federal sentencing guidelines, intermediate sanctions( e.g. intensive probation supervision, electronic monitoring) offender reentry, drug testing in federal pretrial systems, domestic violence control, drug treatment, day reporting centers, drunk driving interventions, absconder location/apprehension strategies, sex offender monitoring/location technology, suicide prevention among alleged sex crime defendants in federal pretrial settings, and the impact of the National Institute of Corrections’ Institutional Culture Change Initiative on prison violence.

His work in the area of community corrections and evidence-based practices has received both national and international recognition. In 2011, Professor Byrne was the recipient of both the Distinguished Scholar Award and the Marguerite Q. Warren and Ted Palmer Differential Intervention Award from the American Society of Criminology’s Division on Corrections and Sentencing. He has provided testimony on the effectiveness of community sanctions before Congress and the U.S. Sentencing Commission. Since 2012, Professor Byrne has served on the UK Ministry of Justice’s Panel of Experts, which is charged with reviewing corrections programs in conjunction with the National Offender Management Services (NOMS). In 2014, he was appointed as the External Inspector of Prisons in Queensland, Australia by the Inspector General. In this capacity, he completed an Inspector General Special Report, An Examination of Assaultive Behaviour in Queensland Prisons. For the past 7 years, he has served as the Editor-in-Chief of the journal, Victims and Offenders: An International Journal of Evidence-Based Research, Policy and Practices. https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/uvao20/current